FAQ and troubleshooting

Q:Tasks being run by the provisioner?

The provision_lab.yml playbook creates a work bench for each student, configures them for password authentication, and creates an inventory file for each user with their IP’s and credentials. An instructor inventory file is also created in the current directory which will let the instructor access the nodes of any student. This file will be called instructor_inventory.txt

Q:What gets created on AWS

  • AWS VPC creation (Amazon Web Services Virtual Private Cloud)
  • Creation of an SSH key pair (stored at ./WORKSHOPNAME/WORKSHOPNAME-private.pem)
  • Creation of a AWS EC2 security group - Creation of a subnet for the VPC
  • Creation of an internet gateway for the VPC - Creation of route table for VPC (for reachability from internet)

Q:What EC2 instances does provisioner spin up

  • One ansible control node using a Centos image
  • Two webservers using a Centos image
  • One BIG-IP using the BEST license (pre-licensed)

Q.What tasks does provisioner perfrom on the BIG-IP

  • Changes the default MGMT password

Problem: Provioner fails - SSH connectivity

Provisioner fails at task [Wait for all nodes to have SSH reachability]


Make sure there is a private key of the form <<workshop_name>>-private.pem in folder f5_provisioner/provisioner/<<workshop_name>>/

If ley is not present run the following:

  • Teardown lab: ansible-playbook teardown_lab.yml -e @f5_vars.yml
  • Provision again: ansible-playbook provision_lab.yml -e @f5_vars.yml

Problem: boto3 missing

fatal: [localhost]: FAILED! => {"attempts": 1, "changed": false, "msg": "Python modules \"botocore\" or \"boto3\" are missing, please install both"}


fatal: [localhost]: FAILED! => {"attempts": 1, "changed": false, "msg": "boto is required for this module"}


pip install boto boto3

Problem:unable to locate credentials

An exception occurred during task execution. To see the full traceback, use -vvv. The error was: NoCredentialsError: Unable to locate credentials
fatal: [localhost]: FAILED! => {"attempts": 1, "changed": false, "msg": "Failed to describe VPCs: Unable to locate credentials"}


Set your Access Key ID and Secret Access Key under ~/.aws/credentials

[root@centos ~]# cat ~/.aws/credentials
aws_access_key_id = ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP

Problem: wrong version of Ansible

TASK [make sure we are running correct Ansible Version] ********************************
fatal: [localhost]: FAILED! => {
    "assertion": "ansible_version.minor >= 6",
    "changed": false,
    "evaluated_to": false


Install 2.8 or later.

Problem: wrong version of boto3

make sure we are running correct boto version


Install and/or upgrade boto3

pip install boto3 --upgrade

Problem: AWS Signature Failure

"error": {
   "message": "Signature expired: 20180703T083815Z is now earlier than 20180703T152801Z (20180703T154301Z - 15 min.)",
   "code": "SignatureDoesNotMatch",
   "type": "Sender"


Ensure the time on your Ansible Tower

Problem: F5 Workshop provisioner fails on mac

TASK [f5_setup : Install AS3] *******************************************************************************
fatal: [TESTWORKSHOP-student1-f5]: FAILED! => {"changed": false, "cmd": "rpm -qp --queryformat '%{NAME}-%{VERSION}-%{RELEASE}.%{ARCH}' <ommited>/workshops/provisioner/roles/f5_setup/files/f5-appsvcs-3.4.0-2.noarch.rpm", "msg": "[Errno 2] No such file or directory", "rc": 2}


$ brew install rpm